|Since his rise to prominence in the mid-20th century, artist Jim Dine's enduring influence has hinged on constant, often defiant metamorphosis.
Dine was born in 1935 in Cincinnati, Ohio. He received his BFA from Ohio University in 1957 and moved to New York City the next year. There he staged some of the first Happenings with Claes Oldenberg, Allan Kaprow and John Cage, immersing himself in the wild performance art of the Fluxus movement.
Just a few years later Dine's work appeared alongside art by Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Ed Ruscha and others in the Pasadena Art Museum's revolutionary show New Painting of Common Objects. It was one of the first exhibitions of Pop Art, and elevated the quotidian imagery of Dine and his contemporaries to iconic status.
Dine aligned himself with Pop Art, using serial imagery to meditate on culture and identity. However, his tender take on his subjects set him apart from other Pop progenitors and he didn't linger within the confines of the movement for long.
The artist moved to London and traveled across Europe in the late 1960s, studying the work of Van Gogh, Picasso, Matisse and other modernists. When he returned to the United States in 1971, Minimalism had gripped the art world. Dine ignored the movement and focused on figure drawing, a move that isolated him from the establishment.
The mixed media drawing in our collection is from 1975. In this period, Dine was refining his skills in multiple mediums (in this case charcoal, oil and crayon) and carving out a reputation as a "modern individualist". In the years to come, Dine's figurative work would mark him as a founder of Neo-Expressionism, but critics could never assign the chameleonic artist a particular label for long.
Dine has been represented by Pace Gallery since 1976. He maintains permanent studios in New York and Connecticut, and sets up temporary studios across the country for large projects. He continues to experiment in multiple mediums and styles.